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      VOA英語學習網 > 美國之音 > voa慢速英語 > 2019年VOA慢速英語 > Education Report >
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      VOA慢速英語:美國大學的中國留學生數量一直在增長

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      中英對照 聽力原文

      The number of Chinese students at U.S. universities has been rising

      美國大學的中國留學生數量一直在增長

      For the past 10 years, the number of Chinese students at U.S. universities has been rising. But university officials are starting to see a sharp drop in Chinese students.

      過去10年,美國大學的中國留學生數量一直在增長。但是大學官員開始發現中國學生數量急劇下降。

      Several universities have reported drops of 20 percent or more this autumn at the start of a new school term.

      幾所大學報告稱,今年秋季新學期開始時,中國學生數量下降了20%或更多。

      To get more international students, some schools are advertising in other countries and working to keep the number of Chinese students they have.

      為了吸引更多國際學生,一些學校開始在其它國家投放廣告,并努力維持他們現有的中國學生人數。

      U.S. colleges and universities need the money paid by students from China and other countries. International students usually pay the whole tuition amount, unlike American students, many of whom ask for financial aid.

      美國高校需要中國以及其它國家學生所掏的這筆資金。國際學生通常要支付全額學費,這跟美國學生不同,很多美國學生都申請助學金。

      University officials and observers say there are several reasons for the falling numbers of Chinese students. They include trade conflicts and political tensions between China and the United States. There also is increasing competition for college students, visa issues and the growth of China's higher education system.

      大學官員和觀察人士表示,中國學生人數下降的原因有很多種。其中包括中美之間的貿易沖突和政治緊張局勢。同時還包括對大學生的競爭加劇、簽證問題以及中國高等教育體系的發展。

      At Bentley University in Massachusetts, the number of new Chinese students arriving for graduate level work dropped from 110 last autumn to 70. As a result, Bentley officials are wondering whether all of its graduate programs can survive.

      在馬薩諸塞州的本特利大學,進入研究所階段的中國新生人數從去年秋天的110人下降到了70人。因此,本特利大學官員懷疑該校所有研究生課程是否可以維持下去。

      "I wouldn't describe it as catastrophically bad," said the university's president, Alison Davis-Blake. She added that the university has tried to get more students from other countries as well as from inside the United States.

      該校校長艾莉森·戴維斯-布雷克表示:“我不會稱之為災難性的壞事。”她還說,該大學試圖吸引更多來自其它國家以及美國國內的學生。

      Large decreases in Chinese students also have been reported this autumn at the University of Vermont, which reported a 23 percent decrease. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln had a 20 percent decrease.

      據報道,今年秋天佛蒙特大學的中國學生人數也大幅下降了23%。內布拉斯加大學林肯分校的中國學生人數減少了20%。

      China sends more students to study in the United States than any other country. Its 363,000 students represent more than 30 percent of all international students at U.S. universities.

      中國赴美學生人數超過了任何其它國家。36.3萬名中國赴美學生占到了美國大學國際學生總數的30%以上。

      Parents and students in China share concerns with those in other countries about American gun violence as well as immigration issues. In May, the group NAFSA: Association of International Educators identified two main reasons for falling numbers of international students who want to study in the United States: the difficulty of getting a visa, and the social and political environment in the United States.

      中國和其它國家的家長和學生一樣,對美國的槍支暴力和移民問題感到擔憂。今年5月,國際教育工作者協會找出了想到美國留學的國際學生人數下降的兩個主要原因:獲取簽證的難度以及美國的社會和政治環境。

      But there are also problems that affect only Chinese students. The Trump administration has accused China of stealing U.S. intellectual property. It is looking very closely at Chinese students who ask for visas to study robotics, flight and high-tech manufacturing.

      但是也有些問題只影響中國學生。川普政府指責中國竊取美國知識產權。它開始密切關注申請簽證赴美學習機器人技術、航空和高科技制造的中國學生。

      In June, China warned students and other visitors to the United States about possible difficulties in getting U.S. visas.

      今年6月,中國警示學生以及其它赴美游客要注意獲得美國簽證可能會遇到的困難。

      Xiong Xiong is an electrical engineering student at Beijing Jiaotong University. He said he hopes to study at a U.S. university. But he is worried about the visa process, so he plans to ask to study in Britain.

      熊雄(音譯)是北京交通大學電氣工程專業的學生。他說,他想去讀美國大學。但是他擔心簽證程序,因此他打算申請去英國深造。

      "I'm concerned my visa will be affected," he said.

      他說:“我擔心我的簽證會受到影響。”

      Brad Farnsworth is vice president for international global engagement at the American Council on Education. He said that his recent travels in China suggest the claims of economic espionage are making some students think they are not welcome.

      布拉德·法恩斯沃思是美國教育理事會全球事務副總裁。他說,他最近在中國的旅行表明,經濟間諜的說法使得一些學生認為他們不受美國歡迎。

      "The concern is a Chinese student...will be met with animosity...about why they are in the United States," he said.

      他說:“我們擔心中國學生在他們為什么來美國這個問題上會遭遇敵意。”

      International students add an estimated $39 billion to the U.S. economy.

      據估計,國際學生為美國經濟增加了390億美元。

      Normally, over 5,000 Chinese students are in the colleges of engineering and business at the University of Illinois. The university recently took an insurance policy that will pay it $60 million if the money from Chinese students drops by 20 percent.

      伊利諾伊大學的工程和商業學院通常有5000多名中國學生。該大學最近買了一份保單,如果來自中國學生的資金減少20%,就會獲賠6千萬美元。

      Lehigh University in Pennsylvania announced this month it has agreed to pay a recruiter to help bring in more students from India. It also has been taking more interest in African countries south of the Sahara Desert, said Lehigh's Cheryl Matherly.

      賓夕法尼亞州利哈伊大學本月宣布同意聘請一位招生人員,以幫助吸引更多來自印度的學生。利哈伊大學的謝麗爾·馬瑟利表示,該校也在吸引撒哈拉沙漠以南非洲國家的更多興趣。

      Like many other American universities, Lehigh has begun sending employees to Beijing and Shanghai to meet with Chinese students and their parents. The employees want to ease Chinese fears about studying in the U.S. and show that their university wants Chinese students.

      像其它許多美國大學一樣,利哈伊大學也開始派遣員工到北京和上海與中國學生及家長會面。這些員工希望減輕中國人對赴美學習的恐懼,并表明他們學校想要招收中國學生的態度。

      I'm Jonathan Evans.

      我是喬納森·埃文斯。

      _______________________________________________

      Words in This Story

      tuition– n. money that is paid to a school for the right to study there

      graduate– adj. related to or involving people who have successfully completed a class or training program

      catastrophe– n. a terrible disaster

      intellectual property– adj. something (such as an idea, invention, or process) that comes from a person's mind

      engagement– n. interacting with someone

      espionage- n. the act of spying on someone

      animosity– n. hatred, anger

      insurance– n. a process by which a company or government agency provides a guarantee of payment for losses or damages

      recruit– v. to find people with the required education or job skills and get them to join a company, an organization

      For the past 10 years, the number of Chinese students at U.S. universities has been rising. But university officials are starting to see a sharp drop in Chinese students.

      Several universities have reported drops of 20 percent or more this autumn at the start of a new school term.

      To get more international students, some schools are advertising in other countries and working to keep the number of Chinese students they have.

      U.S. colleges and universities need the money paid by students from China and other countries. International students usually pay the whole tuition amount, unlike American students, many of whom ask for financial aid.

      University officials and observers say there are several reasons for the falling numbers of Chinese students. They include trade conflicts and political tensions between China and the United States. There also is increasing competition for college students, visa issues and the growth of China's higher education system.

      At Bentley University in Massachusetts, the number of new Chinese students arriving for graduate level work dropped from 110 last autumn to 70. As a result, Bentley officials are wondering whether all of its graduate programs can survive.

      "I wouldn't describe it as catastrophically bad," said the university's president, Alison Davis-Blake. She added that the university has tried to get more students from other countries as well as from inside the United States.

      Large decreases in Chinese students also have been reported this autumn at the University of Vermont, which reported a 23 percent decrease. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln had a 20 percent decrease.

      China sends more students to study in the United States than any other country. Its 363,000 students represent more than 30 percent of all international students at U.S. universities.

      Parents and students in China share concerns with those in other countries about American gun violence as well as immigration issues. In May, the group NAFSA: Association of International Educators identified two main reasons for falling numbers of international students who want to study in the United States: the difficulty of getting a visa, and the social and political environment in the United States.

      But there are also problems that affect only Chinese students. The Trump administration has accused China of stealing U.S. intellectual property. It is looking very closely at Chinese students who ask for visas to study robotics, flight and high-tech manufacturing.

      In June, China warned students and other visitors to the United States about possible difficulties in getting U.S. visas.

      Xiong Xiong is an electrical engineering student at Beijing Jiaotong University. He said he hopes to study at a U.S. university. But he is worried about the visa process, so he plans to ask to study in Britain.

      "I'm concerned my visa will be affected," he said.

      Brad Farnsworth is vice president for international global engagement at the American Council on Education. He said that his recent travels in China suggest the claims of economic espionage are making some students think they are not welcome.

      "The concern is a Chinese student...will be met with animosity...about why they are in the United States," he said.

      International students add an estimated $39 billion to the U.S. economy.

      Normally, over 5,000 Chinese students are in the colleges of engineering and business at the University of Illinois. The university recently took an insurance policy that will pay it $60 million if the money from Chinese students drops by 20 percent.

      Lehigh University in Pennsylvania announced this month it has agreed to pay a recruiter to help bring in more students from India. It also has been taking more interest in African countries south of the Sahara Desert, said Lehigh's Cheryl Matherly.

      Like many other American universities, Lehigh has begun sending employees to Beijing and Shanghai to meet with Chinese students and their parents. The employees want to ease Chinese fears about studying in the U.S. and show that their university wants Chinese students.

      I'm Jonathan Evans.

      The Associated Press reported this story. Susan Shand adapted it for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

      Write to us in the Comments Section or on 51VOA.COM.

      _______________________________________________

      Words in This Story

      tuition– n. money that is paid to a school for the right to study there

      graduate– adj. related to or involving people who have successfully completed a class or training program

      catastrophe– n. a terrible disaster

      intellectual property– adj. something (such as an idea, invention, or process) that comes from a person's mind

      engagement – n. interacting with someone

      espionage- n. the act of spying on someone

      animosity– n. hatred, anger

      insurance – n. a process by which a company or government agency provides a guarantee of payment for losses or damages

      recruit – v. to find people with the required education or job skills and get them to join a company, an organization


      內容來自 VOA英語學習網http://www.tg377.com/show-8746-241834-1.html
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