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      VOA英語學習網 > 美國之音 > voa慢速英語 > 2019年VOA慢速英語 > Science in the News >
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      VOA慢速英語:科學家在新西蘭發現巨型企鵝骨頭化石

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      Scientists Find Bones from Giant Penguin in New Zealand

      科學家在新西蘭發現巨型企鵝骨頭

      Scientists in New Zealand have found fossilized leg bones from a penguin believed to have been about the size of an adult human.

      新西蘭科學家發現了被認為與成年人尺寸大小差不多的企鵝腿骨化石。

      The previously undiscovered giant penguin species likely stood about 1.6 meters tall and weighed up to 80 kilograms.

      這種之前未被發現的巨型企鵝物種站立起來可能有約1.6米高,80公斤重。

      The penguin existed about 60 million years ago, researchers say. The bones are believed to be from the oldest of several species of giant penguins that lived after dinosaurs died out.

      研究人員表示這只企鵝生存在約6000萬年前。這些骨頭被認為出自生活在恐龍滅絕之后時期的幾個巨型企鵝物種中最古老的物種。

      A fossil hunter found the bones last year in the Waipara River bed near the city of Christchurch. The bones are from the animal’s legs and feet.

      一個化石的搜尋者去年在克賴斯特徹奇附近的懷帕拉河床上發現了這些骨頭化石。這些骨頭化石來自動物的腿和腳。

      Scientists confirmed that the bones came from a newly discovered species. They recently reported their results in “Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology.”

      科學家確認這些骨頭來自新發現的物種。他們近期在《澳大拉西亞古生物學雜志》上報告了他們的發現結果。

      Paul Scofield is senior curator at New Zealand’s Canterbury Museum. He co-wrote a paper on the discovery. He told the Associated Press that the bones are an important find. They show that the species is similar to another giant penguin found in Antarctica in 2000. The latest discovery, he said, helps show a clear connection between the two areas during the Paleocene period. This period lasted from 66 million to 56 million years ago.

      保羅·斯科菲爾德在新西蘭坎特伯雷博物館擔任資深館長。他也共同參與寫了關于此次發現的論文。他告訴美聯社這些骨頭化石是一次重要的發現。它們展示了這些物種與2000年在南極洲發現的另外一種巨型企鵝很相似。他表示這項最近的發現有助于展示在古新世時期兩個地區存在很明顯的聯系。這段時期的間隔為從6600萬年前一直到5600萬年前。

      Scofield said the penguins were able to grow larger after entering a new development period following the extinction of dinosaurs, sea reptiles and huge fish.

      斯科菲爾德表示這些企鵝隨著恐龍、海洋爬行動物和巨型魚滅絕之后而進入一個新的發展階段之后能夠長得更大。

      Scofield added that the giant penguins became extinct within 30 million years, as large mammals began to rule the waters.

      斯科菲爾德補充道,隨著巨型哺乳動物開始占領水域時,巨型企鵝在3000萬年內滅絕了。

      Ewan Fordyce is a paleontology professor from New Zealand’s University of Otago. He was not involved in the research. He told the AP the penguin was among the oldest ever found. He said one of the most difficult things for scientists making such discoveries is estimating the overall size of the birds based on pieces of bones.

      尤恩·福代斯是新西蘭奧塔哥大學的一名古生物學教授。他并沒有參與此項研究。他告訴美聯社說這只企鵝屬于曾經發現的最古老的企鵝。他說對于有這種發現的科學家來說最困難的事之一便是根據幾塊骨頭估計這些鳥全身的尺寸。

      John Cockrem is a penguin expert at the country’s Massey University who was also not involved in the research. He said the discovery helps add to what we know about giant penguins. He said it also confirmed New Zealand as the penguin center of the world.

      約翰·科克雷姆是新西蘭梅西大學的一名企鵝專家。他也沒有參與這項研究。他表示這項發現有助于增加我們對巨型企鵝現有的認識。他表示它也確認新西蘭是世界企鵝的中心。

      New Zealand is believed to have been home to many giant bird species that later disappeared. These included the world’s largest parrot, a giant eagle and an emu-like bird called the moa.

      新西蘭被認為是很多已經滅絕的大型鳥類的家園。這些鳥類包括世界上最大的鸚鵡、一種大型的鷹和一種跟鴯鹋很像名叫恐鳥的鳥。

      Recently, Canterbury Museum announced the discovery of an unusually large parrot believed to have lived about 19 million years ago. Scientists say the bird stood about one meter tall.

      近期坎特伯雷博物館宣布發現的一種不尋常的大型的鸚鵡被認為生活在大約1900萬年之前。科學家表示這種鳥站立起來約有1米高。

      I’m Bryan Lynn.

      布賴恩·林恩為您報道。

      ___________________________________________

      Words in This Story

      previously – adv. existing or happening before something else

      species – n. a biological classification or grouping

      curator – n. a person with responsibilities over a museum

      extinction – n. when a type of animal no longer exists

      Scientists Find Bones from Giant Penguin in New Zealand

      Scientists in New Zealand have found fossilized leg bones from a penguin believed to have been about the size of an adult human.

      The previously undiscovered giant penguin species likely stood about 1.6 meters tall and weighed up to 80 kilograms.

      The penguin existed about 60 million years ago, researchers say. The bones are believed to be from the oldest of several species of giant penguins that lived after dinosaurs died out.

      A fossil hunter found the bones last year in the Waipara River bed near the city of Christchurch. The bones are from the animal’s legs and feet.

      Scientists confirmed that the bones came from a newly discovered species. They recently reported their results in “Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology.”

      Paul Scofield is senior curator at New Zealand’s Canterbury Museum. He co-wrote a paper on the discovery. He told the Associated Press that the bones are an important find. They show that the species is similar to another giant penguin found in Antarctica in 2000. The latest discovery, he said, helps show a clear connection between the two areas during the Paleocene period. This period lasted from 66 million to 56 million years ago.

      Scofield said the penguins were able to grow larger after entering a new development period following the extinction of dinosaurs, sea reptiles and huge fish.

      Scofield added that the giant penguins became extinct within 30 million years, as large mammals began to rule the waters.

      Ewan Fordyce is a paleontology professor from New Zealand’s University of Otago. He was not involved in the research. He told the AP the penguin was among the oldest ever found. He said one of the most difficult things for scientists making such discoveries is estimating the overall size of the birds based on pieces of bones.

      John Cockrem is a penguin expert at the country’s Massey University who was also not involved in the research. He said the discovery helps add to what we know about giant penguins. He said it also confirmed New Zealand as the penguin center of the world.

      New Zealand is believed to have been home to many giant bird species that later disappeared. These included the world’s largest parrot, a giant eagle and an emu-like bird called the moa.

      Recently, Canterbury Museum announced the discovery of an unusually large parrot believed to have lived about 19 million years ago. Scientists say the bird stood about one meter tall.

      I’m Bryan Lynn.

      ___________________________________________

      Words in This Story

      previously – adv. existing or happening before something else

      species – n. a biological classification or grouping

      curator – n. a person with responsibilities over a museum

      extinction – n. when a type of animal no longer exists


      內容來自 VOA英語學習網http://www.tg377.com/show-8745-241827-1.html
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