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      VOA英語學習網 > 美國之音 > voa慢速英語 > 2019年VOA慢速英語 > Words And Their Stories >
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      VOA慢速英語:日常會話中三種常見句式結構

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      中英對照 聽力原文

      Three Common Forms in Everyday Speech

      日常會話中三種常見形式

      Have you ever had someone “repair” a home appliance but it kept breaking?

      你是否曾經經歷過“修理”一件家用電器但是它還是不斷地出毛病呢?

      I have been having trouble with my sink for a month. Yesterday, the maintenance man repaired it…again.

      我的水槽壞了一個月了。昨天,維修人員修了一次了…又壞了。

      And it worked fine…once.

      并且它工作地很好……就一次。

      But then last night, I turned the water on low and walked away for just a few seconds. When I returned, I noticed water all over the floor. I was about to go to bed. But instead I had to clean up the mess.

      但是昨天晚上,我將水流調到很慢然后只走開了幾秒鐘。當我返回時,我發現滿地板都是水。 我本來馬上要上床睡覺了。但是取而代之的是我必須清理這一片混亂。

      Ugh, the sink keeps leaking. So, in a little while, I'll go ask the building supervisor to replace it.

      額,水槽還是一直在漏水。所以,過了一小會兒,我要去找樓房主管讓他來把它換掉。

      I just used three conversational English forms in my sad sink story. All are common to American English and some are common to other Englishes. They involve the words “about” “keep” and “go.” On today’s program, I will talk about them.

      我剛才在我悲傷的水槽故事中使用了三個英語對話形式。所有這些形式在美式英語中是很常見的并且一些在其他類型英語中也很常見。他們包括“about”“keep”和“go”這些單詞。在今天的欄目中,我將討論它們的用法。

      Be about to + verb

      Be about to+動詞

      And, I am about to begin.

      我馬上要開始了。

      English speakers use the form “be about to” to emphasize that an action will happen very soon. It is a friendly form we use in speech every day. For example, I told you I was about to go to bed. That means I was at the point of starting that action.

      說英語的人使用“be about to”這種形式來強調一個動作馬上要發生了。它在日常口語中是一種很有用的形式。例如,我告訴你我馬上要上床睡覺了。意思是我馬上就要開始那個動作了。

      We can also use “be about to” for such subjects as things and ideas. We can say, for example, “It’s about to rain” and “The proposal is about to be released.”

      我們也能用事物和主意這樣的詞作為“be about to”的主語。例如我們可以說,“它馬上就要下雨了”和“提議馬上要公布了。”

      The sentence structure is the verb be + about to + base verb. The base form of a verb is its shortest form with no -s ending.

      這個句子結構是動詞be+about to+動詞原形。動詞的最基礎形式為結尾沒有-s的動詞最短形式。

      Listen to a quick exchange between friends hurrying to an event:

      聽匆忙去參加一項活動的一對朋友之間的一段倉促的對話:

      Hi, Jonathan.

      嗨,喬納森。

      Hey, Sue. Have you left the house yet?

      嘿,休。你出家門了嗎?

      No, but I was just about to put on my shoes.

      沒呢,但是我馬上要穿上我的鞋子了。

      Perfect, Im about to hop on the metro. See you in a few!

      太好了,我馬上要乘上地鐵了。一會兒見。

      Sue said, “I was just about to put on my shoes.”  Note her use of the past tense “was.” We can use “be about to” with the present or past tense of the verb “be.”

      休說,“I was just about to put on my shoes.”注意一下她使用了過去時態“was”。我們在使用“be about to”時可以用動詞“be”的現在時態或者過去時態。

      Note also that the word “just” is common with this form. If people say they are just about to do something, it means they expect to do it right now.

      也注意下“just”這個單詞也常和這個形式一起使用。如果人們說他們馬上要去做某事了,它的意思是他們希望立馬去做這件事。

      The negative form of “be about to” has a completely different meaning, however. It means someone feels a strong desire or willpower to do something. For instance, “I’m not about to miss this show. I paid $70 for the ticket!” It's like saying, “I will go to the show and wont let anyone or anything stop me.” The negative is not always considered friendly, so use it carefully!

      然而“be about to”的否定形式的意義就完全不同了。它的意思是某人感覺有種強烈的欲望或者意志去做某事。例如,“我不會錯過這場演出。我買票花了70美元。”它像是在說,“我要去看這場演出,不會讓任何人或者事阻止我。”否定形式并不總是被認為是友好的,所以要慎重使用!

      Keep (on) + gerund

      Keep (on) +動名詞

      Now, let’s move to the verb “keep” plus a gerund, which is the -ing form of a verb.

      現在,讓我們轉向動詞“keep”加動名詞的講述。動名詞就是動詞的ing形式。

      When we use this form, it means that something is happening continuously or again and again. Earlier, you heard me say, “The sink keeps leaking.” The verb “keep” is followed by the gerund “leaking.”

      當我們使用這個形式時,它的意思是某事持續不斷地發生或者一遍又一遍地發生。節目早些時候,你聽到我說,“The sink keeps leaking.”動詞“keep”后面跟著動名詞“leaking”。

      We often use keep + gerund to show irritation that an action or situation has not stopped. We also sometimes use it with the preposition “on.”

      我們通常使用keep+動名詞這個句式來表達對某個動作或者情景不停發生這種情況而感到很懊惱。我們有時也將它和介詞“on”一起使用。

      Students keep playing with their mobile phones in class, for example. The cat keeps on scratching the chairs. And my teammate keeps hitting the ball too far!

      例如學生在課上不停地玩他們的手機。這只貓不停地撓這些椅子。我的隊友不停地將球打得很遠。

      Other times, we use it to give directions or tell someone how to do something. Listen to this person give a friend directions to her house and tell them what to do when they arrive:

      其他時候,我們使用它來指明方向或者告訴某人如何去做某事。聽關于這個人給他的朋友指明去她家的方向并告訴他們到達之后怎么做的一段的對話:

      Keep walking straight until you see a flower shop on the right. My house is the first building behind the shop. Dinner preparations are on the table. When you boil the noodles, please keep stirring them. Otherwise, theyll stick together. Thanks!

      一直直走直到你看到右邊有個花店。我的房子是花店后面的第一棟建筑。飯準備材料在桌子上,當你煮面條時,要一直攪拌它們。要不然它們會黏在一起。謝謝!

      You heard the speaker say, “Keep walking straight…” to tell them to continue walking. They also said, “Please keep stirring” the noodles to make sure the friend does this continuously.

      你聽到這個說話的人說,“一直走……”來告訴他們不停地走。他們還說,“請一直攪拌”面條是為了確保朋友不停地做這件事。

      Go / Come (and) + verb

      Go / Come (and)+動詞

      And finally, we have the form go / come + verb.

      最后我們討論 go / come + 動詞這個形式。

      In spoken English, we often add the verb “go” or “come” to other action verbs. When we do this, we are talking about an action in the future.

      在英語口語中我們經常將動詞“go”和“come”加到其他動作動詞上。當我們這樣做時,我們討論將來發生的動作。

      I said, for example, “So, tomorrow, I’ll go ask the building supervisor to replace it.” The structure is go / come + base verb. I used the base verb “ask.”

      例如,我說“所以,明天,我將去讓樓房主管幫我換掉它。”這個結構是go / come+動詞原形。我使用了“ask”這個動詞原形。

      Use of “go” and “come” do not change the meaning of what we’re saying. Instead, they make our speech sound friendlier or more natural.

      使用“go”和“come”并不會改變我們要表達的意思。相反,他們使我們的說話語氣更加親切或者更加自然。

      Listen to how our speaker uses the verbs “come” and “go” here:

      聽一聽我們的說話者在這里如何使用動詞“come”和“go”:

      Come visit me in July! You can stay for the long weekend. There is a huge film festival happening. So we can go see a lot of movies in a short time.

      六月時來找我!你能在這里度過漫長的假期。這里會舉行大型電影節。所以我們可以在很短的時間內看很多電影。

      The speaker’s use of “come” in “Come visit me in July,” for instance, sounds more natural in everyday speech than “Visit me in July!”

      例如說話的人在“Come visit me in July”這句話中使用“come”,在日常會話中聽起來比“Visit me in July!”這樣的表達更自然。

      Another version of this form adds the word “and.” An example would be, “Come and visit me in July!” The “and” is common to British and other Englishes but only in some parts of the United States.

      這種句子形式的另外一個型式是加上單詞“and”。一個例子是,“Come and visit me in July!”。但是詞“and”在英式英語或者其他類型的英語中很常見。但是僅僅在美國的部分地區常用到。

      Well, that’s all for today. Go listen for these forms wherever you hear English being spoken. Then, come tell us what you find!

      好吧,那就是今天節目的所有內容。在任何說英語的地方注意聽這些形式。然后告訴我們發現了什么。

      I’m about to sign off and go find the building supervisor. See you soon!

      我要結束廣播并去找樓房主管了。再見!

      I’m Alice Bryant.

      愛麗絲·布萊恩特為您報道。

      Three Common Forms in Everyday Speech

      Have you ever had someone “repair” a home appliance but it kept breaking?

      I have been having trouble with my sink for a month. Yesterday, the maintenance man repaired it…again.

      And it worked fine…once.

      But then last night, I turned the water on low and walked away for just a few seconds. When I returned, I noticed water all over the floor. I was about to go to bed. But instead I had to clean up the mess.

      Ugh, the sink keeps leaking. So, in a little while, I'll go ask the building supervisor to replace it.

      I just used three conversational English forms in my sad sink story. All are common to American English and some are common to other Englishes. They involve the words “about” “keep” and “go.” On today’s program, I will talk about them.

      Be about to + verb

      And, I am about to begin.

      English speakers use the form “be about to” to emphasize that an action will happen very soon. It is a friendly form we use in speech every day. For example, I told you I was about to go to bed. That means I was at the point of starting that action.

      We can also use “be about to” for such subjects as things and ideas. We can say, for example, “It’s about to rain” and “The proposal is about to be released.”

      The sentence structure is the verb be + about to + base verb. The base form of a verb is its shortest form with no -s ending.

      Listen to a quick exchange between friends hurrying to an event:

       

      Hi, Jonathan.

      Hey, Sue. Have you left the house yet?

      No, but I was just about to put on my shoes.

      Perfect, Im about to hop on the metro. See you in a few!

       

      Sue said, “I was just about to put on my shoes.”  Note her use of the past tense “was.” We can use “be about to” with the present or past tense of the verb “be.”

      Note also that the word “just” is common with this form. If people say they are just about to do something, it means they expect to do it right now.

      The negative form of “be about to” has a completely different meaning, however. It means someone feels a strong desire or willpower to do something. For instance, “I’m not about to miss this show. I paid $70 for the ticket!” It's like saying, “I will go to the show and wont let anyone or anything stop me.” The negative is not always considered friendly, so use it carefully!

      Keep (on) + gerund

      Now, let’s move to the verb “keep” plus a gerund, which is the -ing form of a verb.

      When we use this form, it means that something is happening continuously or again and again. Earlier, you heard me say, “The sink keeps leaking.” The verb “keep” is followed by the gerund “leaking.”

      We often use keep + gerund to show irritation that an action or situation has not stopped. We also sometimes use it with the preposition “on.”

      Students keep playing with their mobile phones in class, for example. The cat keeps on scratching the chairs. And my teammate keeps hitting the ball too far!

      Other times, we use it to give directions or tell someone how to do something. Listen to this person give a friend directions to her house and tell them what to do when they arrive:

       

      Keep walking straight until you see a flower shop on the right. My house is the first building behind the shop. Dinner preparations are on the table. When you boil the noodles, please keep stirring them. Otherwise, theyll stick together. Thanks!

       

      You heard the speaker say, “Keep walking straight…” to tell them to continue walking. They also said, “Please keep stirring” the noodles to make sure the friend does this continuously.

      Go / Come (and) + verb

      And finally, we have the form go / come + verb.

      In spoken English, we often add the verb “go” or “come” to other action verbs. When we do this, we are talking about an action in the future.

      I said, for example, “So, tomorrow, I’ll go ask the building supervisor to replace it.” The structure is go / come + base verb. I used the base verb “ask.”

      Use of “go” and “come” do not change the meaning of what we’re saying. Instead, they make our speech sound friendlier or more natural.

      Listen to how our speaker uses the verbs “come” and “go” here:

      Come visit me in July! You can stay for the long weekend. There is a huge film festival happening. So we can go see a lot of movies in a short time.

      The speaker’s use of “come” in “Come visit me in July,” for instance, sounds more natural in everyday speech than “Visit me in July!”

      Another version of this form adds the word “and.” An example would be, “Come and visit me in July!” The “and” is common to British and other Englishes but only in some parts of the United States.

      Well, that’s all for today. Go listen for these forms wherever you hear English being spoken. Then, come tell us what you find!

      I’m about to sign off and go find the building supervisor. See you soon!

      I’m Alice Bryant.

      _______________________________________________________________

      Words in This Story

      appliance – n. a piece of equipment, often operated electrically, especially for use in the home

      mess – n. a very dirty or untidy state or condition

      conversational – adj. relating to or suggesting informal talk

      emphasize – v. to give special attention to

      hop on – v. to get onto something that is moving, such as a train or bus

      negative – adj. expressing denial or refusal

      ticket – n. a piece of paper that allows you to see a show, participate in an event or travel on a vehicle

      irritation – n. the state of feeling annoyed, impatient or slightly angry

      scratch – n. to make a line or mark in the surface of something cutting it with something rough or sharp

      noodle – n. a thin strip of dough made from flour, water, and eggs and that is cooked in boiling liquid


      內容來自 VOA英語學習網http://www.tg377.com/show-8744-241730-1.html
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