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      VOA英語學習網 > 美國之音 > voa慢速英語 > 2019年VOA慢速英語 > As it is >
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      VOA慢速英語:自阿波羅登陸月球之后美國首次登陸月球任務的計劃

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      中英對照 聽力原文

      Plan for First US Mission to the Moon Since Apollo Landing

      自阿波羅登陸月球之后美國首次登陸月球任務的計劃

      The first American spacecraft expected to land on the moon in nearly 50 years will be an unmanned robotic lander.

      將近五十年后預計首個登陸月球的美國航天器將是一架無人駕駛機器人著落器。

      The aerospace company Astrobotic Technology told Reuters it expects to launch the spacecraft named Peregrine in the summer of 2021 from Florida’s Cape Canaveral. The company said Peregrine will be the first American spacecraft to land on the moon since Apollo astronauts last touched down there in 1972. The mission will bring technology and experiments to the moon to prepare for human flights by 2024.

      航空航天公司Astrobotic Technology告訴路透社它期望于2021年的夏天從佛羅里達州卡納維拉爾角發射名為Peregrine的航天器。該公司表示Peregrine將成為既阿波羅宇航員于1972年在月球著陸之后首個即將登陸月球的航天器。這項任務將把科技和實驗帶到月球以為2024年人類的飛行做準備。

      The spacecraft will use the Vulcan rocket developed by an alliance between U.S. aerospace companies Boeing and Lockheed Martin. Tory Bruno is chief executive of the United Launch Alliance (ULA). Bruno told Reuters, “Our first flight on Vulcan is also the first big step in going back to the moon.”

      這架航天器將使用美國兩家航空航天公司Boeing和Lockheed Martin的聯盟開發的Vulcan火箭。特洛·布魯諾是聯合發射聯盟(ULA)的首席執行官。布魯諾告訴路透社,“我們乘載Vulcan的首次飛行也將是重返月球的第一大步。”

      The Vulcan rocket was selected over the reusable rocket from SpaceX, a company owned by Elon Musk of carmaker Tesla. It is powered by engines from Blue Origin, a company started by Jeff Bezos of Amazon. Blue Origin also is working on a heavy-lift rocket.

      Vulcan火箭從SpaceX的可重復使用火箭被選出。  SpaceX是特斯拉汽車制造商埃隆·馬斯克持有的一家公司。它由公司Blue Origin提供的引擎提供動力。Blue Origin是由亞馬遜的杰夫·貝佐斯開的一家公司。Blue Origin也在致力于一種重型火箭的研究。

      Astrobotic is based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It is one of nine companies chosen by the American space agency NASA to develop vehicles and technology to explore the lunar surface over the next ten years.

      Astrobotic公司位于賓夕法尼亞州匹茲堡。它是被美國太空機構NASA選中去研發運載工具和科技以用于在未來十年探索月球表面的九家公司之一。

      NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine is pushing private companies to design and develop technology for low-Earth orbit and lunar exploration. He wants NASA to be one of many customers for the technology and to prepare for deeper space exploration.

      NASA的管理人員吉姆·布里登斯丁正在助力私營公司去為近地軌道何月球探索設計和研發科技。他想讓NASA成為這項技術的眾多客戶之一并且為更深層次的太空探索做準備。

      For ULA, the launch serves as the first of two certification flights for the U.S. Air Force. Vulcan will replace the older Delta and Atlas rockets. Those rockets have been used for space missions and by the U.S. military for many years.

      對于美國聯合發射聯盟來說,這次發射是美國空軍兩次認證飛行中的第一次。Vulcan將取代以往的德爾塔和阿特拉斯火箭系列。這些火箭已經被多次用于太空任務并服務于美國軍隊很多年。

      As the U.S. prepares to return to the moon, other countries have launched their own missions to the moon.

      當美國為重返月球做準備時,其他國家也向月球發射了他們自己的任務。

      In January, an unmanned Chinese spacecraft successfully touched down on the far side of the moon. An Israeli robotic lander, however, crashed on its final descent in April. And India landed a Chandrayaan-2 rover in July. The vehicle is on its way to the moon’s south pole, unexplored by any other nation.

      在1月份一架無人駕駛中國太空飛船成功降落在月球的遠端。然而以色列的無人駕駛著陸器在4月的最后一次降落中墜毀。今年7月,印度的“月船2號”在月球著陸。這家飛行器正在前往月球南極的路上,而其他國家從未探索過月球南極。

      I'm Mario Ritter Jr.

      小馬里奧·里特為您報道。

      _____________________________________________________________

      Words in This Story

      aerospace –adj. describing the industry of making vehicles that travel in the atmosphere and in space

      customer –n. a person or organization that buys goods and services from businesses

      certification –n. the process of gaining official approval to do something like carrying out a business or doing a task

      mission –n. a flight or a spacecraft designed to carry out a task

      Plan for First US Mission to the Moon Since Apollo Landing

      The first American spacecraft expected to land on the moon in nearly 50 years will be an unmanned robotic lander.

      The aerospace company Astrobotic Technology told Reuters it expects to launch the spacecraft named Peregrine in the summer of 2021 from Florida’s Cape Canaveral. The company said Peregrine will be the first American spacecraft to land on the moon since Apollo astronauts last touched down there in 1972. The mission will bring technology and experiments to the moon to prepare for human flights by 2024.

      The spacecraft will use the Vulcan rocket developed by an alliance between U.S. aerospace companies Boeing and Lockheed Martin. Tory Bruno is chief executive of the United Launch Alliance (ULA). Bruno told Reuters, “Our first flight on Vulcan is also the first big step in going back to the moon.”

      The Vulcan rocket was selected over the reusable rocket from SpaceX, a company owned by Elon Musk of carmaker Tesla. It is powered by engines from Blue Origin, a company started by Jeff Bezos of Amazon. Blue Origin also is working on a heavy-lift rocket.

      Astrobotic is based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It is one of nine companies chosen by the American space agency NASA to develop vehicles and technology to explore the lunar surface over the next ten years.

      NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine is pushing private companies to design and develop technology for low-Earth orbit and lunar exploration. He wants NASA to be one of many customers for the technology and to prepare for deeper space exploration.

      For ULA, the launch serves as the first of two certification flights for the U.S. Air Force. Vulcan will replace the older Delta and Atlas rockets. Those rockets have been used for space missions and by the U.S. military for many years.

      As the U.S. prepares to return to the moon, other countries have launched their own missions to the moon.

      In January, an unmanned Chinese spacecraft successfully touched down on the far side of the moon. An Israeli robotic lander, however, crashed on its final descent in April. And India landed a Chandrayaan-2 rover in July. The vehicle is on its way to the moon’s south pole, unexplored by any other nation.

      I'm Mario Ritter Jr.

      _____________________________________________________________

      Words in This Story

      aerospace –adj. describing the industry of making vehicles that travel in the atmosphere and in space

      customer –n. a person or organization that buys goods and services from businesses

      certification –n. the process of gaining official approval to do something like carrying out a business or doing a task

      mission –n. a flight or a spacecraft designed to carry out a task


      內容來自 VOA英語學習網http://www.tg377.com/show-8742-241828-1.html
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